The Nanotech In Fashion
Nanoparticles are increasingly used as coatings on clothing to make it waterproof, microbicidal, UV-blocking or antistatic.
The #NanoTech textile engineering and surface design of apparel clothing. Industrial applications of nanomaterials can be found in a wide variety of branches. Most people would be familiar with health care and electronics.
However, apparel industry benefits greatly with synthetic textiles incorporating nanotechnology that enable fabric with self-cleaning properties. Antibacterial, water-proof and flame retardants are becoming mainstream.
The secret to a material’s strength lies in the properties of the atomic bonds connecting one atom to another. Carbon atoms have extremely strong bonds. Using nanotechnology, scientists manipulate carbon’s atomic structure to form hollow, carbon-based tubes that are super small (approximately 100,000 times thinner than a human hair), super light and stronger than steel. Researchers at the University of Texas’ Nanotech Institute have developed artificial muscles from carbon nanotubes that contract 30,000 percent per second (human muscles contract around 20 percent per second). They can operate at extreme temperatures, which makes them especially attractive for space applications and is one reason why the Air Force Office of Scientific Research has teamed up in this area. So far, there are no human applications, but a “smart skin,” on an aircraft would have the ability to change appearance in situations of danger.
Smart Tool-less Manufacturing in Nanotech Fashion Sports/Fitness/Yoga
Henry Ford’s early customers could have any color car, so long as it was black. In the marketplace, the greatest barrier to choose is cost. Elite athletes can drop thousands of dollars on custom-fit equipment, but for most players, it’s just a dream. Now, affordable, in-store diagnostics, including 3-D body scanners that analyze body geometry and kinematics, coupled with “tool-less” or direct digital manufacturing in place of molded dies or templates, are making custom-fit a true possibility. University research labs are helping to make the technology a reality. Scientists at Cornell University’s College of Human Ecology are using 3D body scanners that image about 300,000 points on the body to develop virtual try-on systems and clothes that can be custom-made on the spot. Caine is guardedly optimistic: “This will happen, but I’m not sure when.”
Global investments and demand in nanotechnology
It’s hard to find reliable information on how big global investment in nanotechnologies, particular in the private sector, nevertheless; the importance of nanotechnology is clearly high.
In 2003 the total demand for everything’s nano such as material, tools and devices was estimated $ 5-8 billion with a growth rate of 30% yearly. Without anything taken for granted, this information should imply spending of nearly $30 billion in 2008.
The market for nanotechnology-related textiles reached $13.6 billion in 2007 and is predicted about $115 billion by 2012 according to the book “New-product development, product development in textile’s Innovation and Production” published in 2012 by Woodhead Publishing Limited.
Nanotechnology is a priority in the United States innovation strategy, and in support of the President has the Federal Budget since 2001 spend almost total of $21 billion, whereof they provide around $1.5 billion for the National Nanotechnology Initiative (NNI) 2015, according to the official site nano.gov.
Research from 2008, shows that nanotechnology has a high priority also in other competing markets such as European Union (EU) invested around $1.7 billion and Japan $950 million (Nanotechnology research and development).
Other Asian countries on the nano-bandwagon, China’s investment around $430 million, Korea $310 million and Taiwan $110 million. The same years spend US government $1.55 billion
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